Residence Permits for Ecuador | Start Living Ecuador
Though everybody can enter the country with an immediate 90-day tourist permit, living in Ecuador with a residence permit has specific characteristics. Residence Permits for Ecuador
Since the new 2008 Constitution, Ecuador’s migration system changed. As a principle, everybody can enter the country with an immediate 90-day tourist permit (9 nationalities must apply for a tourist visa beforehand), however, living in Ecuador with a residence permit has specific characteristics.
In January 2017, a new migration law was approved. It is said that because of this new law there are going to be new types of visas or migratory categories, but as with any new piece of legislation, it still needs to be implemented.
So, to date according to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, there are two types of migratory categories called (9) – Immigrant Visas, and (12) – Non-Immigrant Visas.
Please keep in mind that all public documents that you intend to use in Ecuador must be legalized with an Apostille. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs in its web page states that: “The Apostille or “Hague Apostille” is NOT a seal or stamp from a public notary. It is NOT either the seal or stamp from the document’s issuing agency affixed in it. The Apostille is a special legalization issued by the corresponding Secretary of State. In this regards, documents such as, but not limited to a birth certificate, marriage certificate, criminal background check, letter of income, professional degrees, etc. must be legalized with an Apostille.”
Visas 9 are categorized as follows:
Visa 9 – I: Person of Independent means (trust funds or other income from Real State)
Visa 9 – II: Investor (in policy, securities or mortgage bonds, or grassroots, or company shares)
Visa 9 – III: Investor (in company shares (Non-anonymous) or Individual owned business)
Visa 9 – IV: General Attorney (Companies domiciled in the country, Companies that are going to be domiciled in the country, Foreign Press, Employment Contract (Legal or natural persons), members from Religious groups)
Visa 9 – V: Professional
Visa 9 – VI: Amparo (Protection) from Ecuadorian citizens, or immigrant foreign citizens in Ecuador, or by Civil Union.
Visa 9: VII: Agreement on residence for nationals States Parties MERCOSUR; Migrant Status between Ecuador and Venezuela
And Visas 12 like so:
Visa 12: I – II- III: Visas to Diplomatic Missions and International Organisms officials
Visa 12-IV: Refugees
Visa 12-V: Students
Visa 12-VI: Work
Visa 12-VII: Voluntary religious missionaries
Visa 12-VIII: Cultural Exchange
Visa 12- IX: Tourism, Sports, Health, Studies, Science, Art, Commerce
Visa 12-X: Tourism – Temporary Visitors
General requirements usually include: Written request, signed by the applicant person, company or sponsor, addressed to authority in charge. Fulfilled visa application form (provided the day of the application). Original Passport with at least six months of validity and for dependent visas, an original birth or marriage certificate is required.
The cost of each type of visa varies according to its type and purpose.
All visas issued abroad for non-residents must be registered in Ecuador, the deadline for doing it is 30 days after the arrival of the foreigner in the country, excluding the 12-X visa.
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